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Inequality in Pakistan, Causes and Solutions

Addressing Inequality in Pakistan, Causes and Solutions

Inequality in Pakistan, Causes and Solutions is a very important topic and is a pressing issue in Pakistan that hampers progress and social harmony. The country has one of the highest levels of income inequality in the world, with the top 10% of households earning more than the bottom 40%. This inequality is not just limited to income but also extends to access to education, health, and other basic amenities. In this article, we will explore the causes of inequality in Pakistan and suggest ways to reduce it.


One of the main causes of inequality in Pakistan is the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few individuals and families. This concentration of wealth is largely due to the country’s land-owning system, which favours large landowners over small farmers. According to the World Bank, 5% of the population in Pakistan owns 65% of the land, while 64% of the population owns just 5% of the land. This concentration of land ownership has led to a huge disparity in income and wealth.


Another cause of inequality is the lack of access to education. Pakistan has one of the lowest literacy rates in the world, with only 58% of the population being able to read and write. This is particularly true for girls and women, who are often denied access to education due to cultural and religious norms. The lack of education perpetuates the cycle of poverty, as people without education are unable to find better-paying jobs and improve their standard of living.


Health is another area where inequality is rampant in Pakistan. While the country has made significant progress in reducing infant and child mortality rates, there is still a huge disparity in access to healthcare. Rural areas, in particular, have limited access to healthcare facilities, leading to higher mortality rates and poorer health outcomes. Additionally, the high cost of healthcare means that many people cannot afford to pay for essential medical treatment, leading to further disparities in health outcomes.

To reduce inequality in Pakistan, a comprehensive approach is required that addresses the root causes of inequality. One key area that needs to be addressed is land reform. The government should take steps to redistribute land from large landowners to small farmers, who are more likely to use the land productively and generate income. This will not only reduce income inequality but also improve access to food and basic necessities for the rural poor.

Another area that needs attention is education. The government should increase investment in education and ensure that all children, especially girls, have access to education. This can be done through targeted programs that provide financial assistance to families to send their children to school. Additionally, the government should focus on improving the quality of education, so that children receive a good education that prepares them for the job market.

Healthcare is another area where the government needs to take action. The government should increase investment in healthcare and focus on building healthcare infrastructure in rural areas. This will improve access to healthcare for rural communities and reduce mortality rates. Additionally, the government should consider introducing a universal healthcare system that provides free or low-cost healthcare to all citizens.


In conclusion, reducing inequality in Pakistan is a complex task that requires a comprehensive approach. The government needs to address the root causes of inequality, including land ownership, access to education, and healthcare. By taking a holistic approach, Pakistan can reduce inequality and create a more equal and prosperous society for all its citizens.



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